Identification of Resistance Mechanisms

Sören Gatermann, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 2007

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The program uses categorical data that are obtained in routine diagnostics. It is intended to serve as a tool to give ideas and to help in identification of resistance mechanisms. Without additional data it must not be used to guide therapy in patients.

Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Stenotrophomonas

other Nonfermenters

The programm is mainly based on the following publications:

  1. Livermore DM, Winstanley TG, Shannon KP. Interpretative reading: recognizing the unusual and inferring resistance mechanisms from resistance phenotypes. J Antimicrob Chemother 2001; 48 Suppl 1: 87-102.

  2. Courvalin P. Interpretive Reading of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests. ASM News 1992; 58: 368-375; 1992.

  3. Livermore DM. beta-Lactamases in laboratory and clinical resistance.

    Clin Microbiol Rev 1995; 8: 557-84

  4. Vila J, Marco F. Lectura interpretada del antibiograma de bacilos gramnegativos no fermentadores. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2010; 28: 726-736.

  5. Leclercq R, et al. EUCAST expert rules in susceptibility testing. Clin Microbiol Infect 2011; doi 10.1111/j.1469-069.2011.03703.x

Sören Gatermann
Abteilung für Medizinische Mikrobiologie
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
44801 Bochum

Last update: 2012-04-16